Ducks Guide

Do Ducks Need Niacin? Why It’s Important

Raising animals whether as a pet or for food has a lot of responsibilities. To keep them strong and healthy, they need to eat a balanced diet. All animals require a certain amount of nutrition each day. One of the nutrition that’s important for most animals is niacin. When it comes to ducks, do they need niacin?

So do ducks need niacin? Yes, ducks need niacin and it’s vital for their health. This vitamin helps the duck convert nutrition from the food they eat into useful energy. For ducklings, niacin helps their bone stay strong and healthy.

What Is Niacin?

Niacin, also known as Vitamin B3, is an essential nutrient that’s responsible for bone growth. It also helps the body convert carbs, fat, and protein into energy.

It’s a water-soluble amino acid that ducks require a lot of. Since these birds are not able to store any niacin in their body, they will need a constant supply of it each day.

Why Do Ducks Need Niacin?

Ducks need niacin because they need it to be strong and healthy, especially ducklings.

Ducklings tend to grow really fast and they need plenty of niacin to support their growth. Without niacin, baby ducks will grow up with health issues.

Adult ducks do need niacin, but not a lot like ducklings do. They need niacin to be able to convert food into energy.

Since ducks don’t absorb niacin efficiently, they’ll need it on a daily basis.

How Much Niacin Do Ducks Need?

The amount of niacin a duck need will depend on its age.

For ducklings, they need about 10 mg of niacin per day.

Fo adult ducks, they need around 12.5 mg each day.

Can Ducks Have Flush Free Niacin?

It’s not recommended to give ducks any flush free niacin. It doesn’t benefit the ducks in anyways.

A duckling’s digestive system is very fast and the flush free niacin will not be released before it’s pooped out.

Instead, you should give adult ducks and ducklings pure plain old niacin. If you’re going to give them supplements, it will say vitamin B3 or Nicotinic Acid on the bottle.

Can Ducks Overdose On Niacin?

Niacin is vitamin B3 so yes, ducks can overdose on it.  This is if niacin is fed too much to them constantly.

Most of the time, niacin that isn’t used by the body will be flushed out when they poop.

If you’re feeding them leafy greens and food that have a lot of niacin, avoid giving them any supplements that contain niacin. Foods like fruits and vegetables tend to contain a small amount of niacin which will not be enough for the ducks to overdose on.

Signs of a Niacin Deficiency In Ducks

Ducklings that don’t get enough niacin in their body will start to show symptoms. These symptoms tend to appear quickly so you’ll need to take care of them right away.

Below are some of the symptoms you will want to look out for:

  • Growing Slowly
  • Unwilling to walk
  • Feet shaking
  • Sitting back on their haunches
  • Legs bow out the sides

As for adult ducks, they too will show signs of deficiency niacin.

Below are some of the signs to look for:

  • Lack of weight gain
  • Bowing of legs
  • Enlarged hock joints
  • Weakness
  • Pigeon-toed stance
  • Inability to walk

Best Sources Of Niacin For Ducks

For ducks, especially ducklings, should get plenty of niacin in their diet every single day.

Below is the best source of niacin that you can give your ducks:

  • Brewer’s Yeast (16 mg per ounce)
  • Peas (3 mg per cup)
  • Peanuts (4.2 mg per ounce)
  • Sweet Potatoes (2.4 mg per cup)
  • Sunflower seeds (2 mg per ounce)

While many foods are high in niacin, brewer’s yeast is the best choice for ducks. It contains the most niacin per ounce when compared to other food.

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  • All-Natural Source of Niacin (Vitamin B3)
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It’s simple to use and safe for ducks and ducklings.

For ducklings, you can sprinkle a little bit of brewer’s yeast over their food. It’s best to do this once a day.

Once the baby ducks get used to the taste, you can mix it into their feeds on a daily basis. There will be dosage instructions on the container so you don’t need to worry if it’s too little or too much for them.

If you notice there is an issue with the ducklings, you can increase the amount. Any niacin that isn’t used up by the body will simply get digested and pooped out.

What Other Food Have Nacin?

There are a lot of foods that contain niacin. To keep the ducks healthy, you should try to incorporate these foods into the duck’s diet daily.

Below are some of the food that is high in niacin:

  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Peas
  • Peaches
  • Tuna Fish
  • Salmon
  • Squash
  • Pumpkin


As you can see, niacin is a very important nutrient that ducks require. It helps ducklings grow up strong and healthy. Once they are an adult, niacin is still important for the ducks. The vitamin will help convert fats, carbs, and protein from food into energy. Therefore, when feeding your ducks, always remember to feed them food with niacin to keep them healthy and happy.

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